« [書評]光と風と夢(中島敦) | トップページ | 2009年9月21日の日本発公電 その2 »




 * * * *

DATE 2009-09-21 21:28:00
SOURCE Embassy Tokyo
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 TOKYO 002196

TOKYO 00002196 001.2 OF 003
Classified By: Deputy Chief of Mission James P. Zumwalt, Reasons 1.4 (b ) and (d)

1. (C) SUMMARY. According to DJP Diet Affairs Committee Chairman Kenji Yamaoka, the new DPJ government's primary goal will be to strengthen the U.S. alliance despite tactical differences with the previous government. Japan will not extend Indian Ocean refueling missions but is open to other ideas for how Japan could contribute to U.S. efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan.


Base relocation efforts in Okinawa should proceed from a dialogue with the U.S. on how Japan should fit into the overall U.S. strategic vision. Opposition to the bases from local communities is real and the GOJ must make the case for the U.S. bases as playing an important role in the defense of Japan. However, simply defending the status quo will weaken rather than strengthen the alliance.


There must be transparency concerning past "secret agreements" on the introduction of nuclear weapons, but these will not affect current practices regarding U.S. declaration of nuclear weapons introductions or the kinds of propulsion systems allowed in Japanese ports.


Japan's three anti-nuclear principles are unlikely to be enshrined in law. Party General Secretary Ozawa is the strongest DPJ member and will likely become even stronger after the next Upper House election. Ozawa will maintain discipline among new party members to prevent issues such as the nuclear principles from damaging the alliance. END SUMMARY.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
USG Strategy for Engaging the New DPJ-Led Government
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

2. (C) Over dinner with DPJ Diet Affairs Committee Chairman Kenji Yamaoka, Assistant Secretary Kurt Campbell laid out the USG strategy for engaging the new DPJ-led government and asked for advice on how best to proceed. He stressed that the USG would be in listening mode, was willing to be flexible in a number of areas, but in a limited number of areas, had less flexibility requiring us to proceed with caution.


Through a series of high level engagements culminating with the President's visit in November, our overall goal will be to show that the alliance is moving forward, focused on common interests and cooperation, and not bogged down in disputes.


In public we will support the DPJ's stated goal of an equal partnership with the U.S. and encourage a strong independent Japanese foreign policy including better relations with the ROK and China. We will also focus on preparations for the 50th anniversary of the security alliance.


A/S Campbell flagged as areas of concern MOFA's announced intention to pursue historical issues related to the so-called secret agreement on the introduction of nuclear weapons into Japan, implementation of the base realignment agreement in Okinawa/Guam, revisions to the SOFA agreement, host nation support, and Japan's decision to suspend the SDF's Indian Ocean refueling missions.


A/S Campbell noted Yamaoka's close relationship with DPJ General Secretary Ozawa and said he hoped to develop a close relationship with Ozawa going forward.


- - - - - - - - - - - -
Indian Ocean Re-Fueling
- - - - - - - - - - - -

3. (C) Yamaoka said due to political sensitivities, the government could not extend the refueling missions beyond the January 2010 expiration of legal authority. However, he noted that he and others in the DPJ had long felt something else could be done to assist U.S. led efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan.


But whenever he proposed something, MOFA bureaucrats opposed it because of perceived risks to the SDF. That is why they favored the refueling mission, he said. Yamaoka said both he and Ozawa felt that if the SDF was unable to risk any casualties, they were useless. He said Japan's contributions to the U.S. efforts to date had been largely empty for this reason.


Yamaoka advocated in depth discussions to develop alternatives for Japan's contribution, which he hoped could be completed by the end of January when the leagl authority expired. A/S Campbell noted it would be far better if such discussions could lead to agreement in advance of the President's visit. Yamaoka appeared somewhat taken aback by this earlier timetable but he then said he would try his best.


- - - - - - - - - -
Okinawa Base Issues
- - - - - - - - - -

4. (C) Commenting on the FRF implementation, Yamaoka said that the anti-base sentiment in local communities was very high and the best way to proceed was for the new government to make clear to the Japanese public the vital role the U.S. bases perform in defending Japan, and that they are not forced on Japan.


To maintain the full function of the bases, Japan needs to clarify its own strategic role. To do so, the U.S. and Japan should engage in a broad strategic discussion where the U.S. lays out its overarching foreign and security policy and explains how it sees Japan fitting into it.


Maintaining the status quo will damage our relationship and lead to a slow decline in support for the alliance. We need to adopt a new approach that will ultimately enhance the U.S.-Japan alliance, he said. Although this approach may seem difficult at first, ultimately, it is best for the alliance.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Nuclear Secret Agreement and Japan's Three Non-Nuclear Principles
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

5. (C) Yamaoka stated that the DPJ won the election because it promised a change in the way the LDP conducted business. Therefore, it is important to be transparent about the "secret agreements" struck in the past.


For political reasons, some in the DPJ like Hatoyama and Okada might want to take this a step further by enshrining Japan's three non-nuclear principles into law. However, Yamaoka said, he and Ozawa believe the goal should be to convince the public to accept that the introduction of nuclear weapons may be necessary from time to time.


The DPJ has no intention of allowing this issue to impact current declarative practices or the choice of propulsion systems on U.S. vessels entering Japanese ports, he said. Ozawa has the real power to control the DPJ's course on this issue via his discipline over the new members, he declared.


- - -
- - -

6. (C) Yamaoka said the DPJ had long cultivated good relations with China, and that he had played a key role in Ozawa's successful visit to China when Ozawa met Chinese President Hu Jintao "and was treated like a future leader of Japan."


In contrast, he said, the USG had not accorded Ozawa similar treatment and, had in fact, refused to arrange meetings in the U.S. for him earlier this year.


Ozawa thus has not developed reliable channels of communication with the USG. A/S Campbell promised to talk frequently with Ozawa and invited him to visit Washington. Yamaoka also noted that the DPJ has long-standing ties to the U.K. where Ozawa will visit later this month. Yamaoka said he chaired the Japan-U.K parliamentary league.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ozawa Still Smarting over Failed U.S. Visit
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

7. (C) Confident of a DPJ victory in this summer's Lower House election, Ozawa had hoped to engage U.S. leaders ahead of the election in a broad strategic discussion foreign policy priorities and possible new roles for Japan under a DPJ government.


That is why he agreed to meet Secretary Clinton during her visit to Japan earlier this year, Yamaoka said, and tried to follow up with a visit to the U.S.


However, that trip didn't materialize and Ozawa was forced to resign as party president due to financial scandal. Yamaoka claimed that the failure to be seen as engaging with the U.S. at high levels may have contributed to pressure for Ozawa to resign as party president.


- - - - - - -
Ozawa's Role
- - - - - - -

8. (C) According to Yamaoka, Ozawa is the most powerful figure in the DPJ and will likely become even stronger if, as expected, he engineers a DPJ victory in the next Upper House election. There is a good possibility that Ozawa will return as Prime Minister after Hatoyama. He would probably be PM today had he not been forced to resign the Party presidency. Now it will take some additional steps.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
The Style of DPJ's Leadership
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

9. (C) Hatoyama and Okada have quite different personalities and communication styles, which can make it difficult to interpret their messages. Hatoyama tends to be softer, while Okada can come across as stiff and will often tersely say "I cannot answer that."


Ozawa is informal and values substance over form. He is not particularly rank conscious as long as he is able to engage in productive discussion. But he often has trouble communicating his ideas, since he often jumps directly to his conclusions without explaining his reasoning. I can often explain his ideas better than he can, joked Yamaoka.


All three are very pro-U.S. and understand the critical role of the U.S.-Japan alliance. Despite tactical differences with the former government, there should be no doubt, Yamaoka said, our intention is the same as yours--to strengthen the alliance.


Yamaoka said both he and Ozawa believe the problem with Japanese diplomacy is that it was run by MOFA bureaucrats, and there has been very little contact at the political level between the U.S. and Japan regarding foreign policy.


10. (C) Participants: Kenji Yamaoka Yuka Uchida, DPJ International Division Kurt Campbell Jim Zumwalt, DCM Kevin Maher, Japan Desk Director Rob Luke, Political M/C Mark Tesone, Special Assistant Yumiko Miyazaki, interpreter

11. (U) This cable has been cleared by Assistant Secretary Campbell. ROOS



« [書評]光と風と夢(中島敦) | トップページ | 2009年9月21日の日本発公電 その2 »



投稿: nanashi | 2011.05.06 07:13



この記事へのトラックバック一覧です: 2009年9月21日の日本発公電:

» ウィキーリークスのことやら「I am robot and proud」のことなど [godmotherの料理レシピ日記]
 ニューヨークタイムズが報じた2009年9月21日付けのウィキーリークスの公電は、自民党から民主党に政権が移る時期のアメリカの対日外交に関するものだった。極東ブログで訳がついた(参照)。掲載記事が紹介... [続きを読む]

受信: 2011.05.06 05:02

» 中国・ASEAN諸国の南シナ海領有権問題と日米の関わりについて [godmotherの料理レシピ日記]
 三日程前になるが、毎日新聞で「南シナ海:中台やASEAN諸国 領有権の主張強まる」(参照)の記事が気になっていた。日米同盟に何ら異変も起きたわけではないが、中国の軍事力増強に伴い、アジア周辺国には中... [続きを読む]

受信: 2011.05.26 05:25

« [書評]光と風と夢(中島敦) | トップページ | 2009年9月21日の日本発公電 その2 »